This topic is of key relevance to our society and economy. For many years the so called  ‘innovation paradox’ has been high on the agenda, and still today the EU is lagging behind its competitors when it comes to bringing the research to the market, or creating markets. The efforts made in the last decade have improved certain elements, especially in the field of start ups, but many steps still have to be taken. Capital investment, regulation to facilitate market introduction (sand boxing, green deals etc), knowledge infrastructures, better integration of different instruments to leverage synergetic effects, etc still require major improvements.